Different levels of education in Armenia are realized through different educational programmes. The “Law on Education” adopted in 1999, defines the following educational programmes implemented in Armenia:

  • General Education-basic and supplementary;
  • Professional Education-basis and supplementary.

Professional educational programmes aimed to prepare specialists of corresponding qualifications, knowledge and skills through the consecutive system of general and professional educational levels.

Professional educational basic programmes are:

  •     Primary-professional education (craftsmanship);
  •     Middle-professional education;
  •     Higher professional education;
  •     Post-graduate professional education.

Up to 2001 primary professional education was provided by the professional-technical institutions (PTI). There were 58 PTIs in Armenia 19 of which under the supervision of the Ministry of Education and Science and 39 were under the supervision of marzpetarans including Yerevan. In accordance with the “Law on Education” PTIs were not foreseen as a separate form of educational institutions and were reorganized first into senior schools with craftsmanship focus. Then, starting from 2002, they have been renamed into Professional Education and Training Institutions (PETI).

It is worth to mention, that as a result of non-proper transformation of initial (craftsmanship) training to secondary schools/colleges or enterprises, a vacuum was created in training for workers with professional qualifications, since none of the country’s vocational training schools had modern equipment or appropriate teaching materials. Almost the same situation persisted in respect of the physical states of the PETIs’ premises, since most of them were severely damaged and needed capital renovation.

By the launching of the UNDP “Support the Modernization of Vocational Education and Training Project” in May, 2006, the Vocational Education and Training was provided by only 27 PETIs situated both in Yerevan and marzes.